Do we really need reserved seats on MRT trains?

By Koh Ewe

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While reserved seats were no doubt conceived with good intentions, they have not yielded the best results on MRT trains. Reserved seats are an artificial means of promoting graciousness that may be doing more harm than good for Singapore’s MRT culture.

Stigma surrounding reserved seats

Nowadays, many commuters hesitate to occupy a reserved seat on an MRT train. This is in part due to the prevalence of internet shaming on social media sites such as Facebook and Stomp, which has caused sitting on reserved seats to be stigmatised.

Earlier this year, a man tried to publicly shame a woman who had no visible disabilities but was occupying a reserved seat on the MRT train. He asked his friend to record him on video and proceeded to confront the lady in an arrogant manner, possibly for the sake of gaining online attention.

In another incident, a pregnant woman who tried to sit on a reserved seat was questioned by another commuter, who demanded “proof” of her pregnancy.

Unwell passengers who are not visibly disabled may also be shamed into giving up their reserved seats. Such is the tricky nature of reserved seats – how do you ascertain if someone is “deserving” of a reserved seat? How old is old enough? And how “injured” must one be to rightfully occupy a reserved seat without having to endure disapproving glances from fellow commuters?

In cases of internet shaming, internet users only get to see one side of the story. The truth behind seemingly ungracious acts on MRT trains could be more nuanced than what is portrayed online. However, internet users are often quick to criticise commuters based on one photo. This creates a culture of distrust and apprehension when it comes to occupying reserved seats.

The fear of internet shaming among Singaporeans who hesitate to occupy reserved seats is exemplified in this satirical article on newnation.sg.

The Blame Game

Besides being objects of stigmatisation, designated reserved seats also send a dubious signal to the rest of the commuters: only those occupying reserved seats are obliged to give up their seats.

While commuters who occupy reserved seats are constantly faced with the pressure to give up their seats, fellow commuters who occupy non-reserved seats are absolved of this same pressure. Aren’t they equally obliged to give up their seats to those who need it too? Why does the responsibility of giving up seats seem to fall solely on the shoulders of those occupying reserved seats?

Case in point: a whole row of commuters blatantly ignoring the pregnant woman standing in front of them, possibly because they were expecting that one commuter occupying the reserved seat to give up his seat.

Rather than cultivating a gracious public transportation culture, reserved seats seem to have encouraged a sense of unemotional passivity. We have become robots, programmed with the mindset that reserved seats (and reserved seats only) are to be occupied by the needy (and the needy only).

Will we regress to a situation where a 60 year old has to give up their reserved seat to a 70 year old, while passive youngsters sitting on non-reserved seats turn a blind eye to what’s happening?

A glimpse into the future

A train cabin in Sapporo

With the stigmatisation of reserved seats as it is, our MRT culture may be headed towards that of Japan. In some parts of Japan, such as Sapporo, people generally do not sit on reserved seats unless they really need to. To some, this appears to be a commendable show of public courtesy. To others, it represents an insidious social pressure to avoid reserved seats. According to a local interviewee, injured or handicapped individuals may hesitate to take up reserved seats because of the social pressure.

Instead of an awkward stigmatisation of reserved seats, simple acts of graciousness among commuters are sufficient to help needy people get seats on trains. Do we really aspire to live in a society where people have to “prove” if they are deserving of reserved seats? Do Singaporeans really need blatant stickers that read “reserved seat” to acknowledge that they should give up their seats to the needy?

Faith in Singaporeans?

Perhaps we should have more faith in the graciousness of Singaporeans. In a survey conducted by LTA which collated responses from 1000 commuters, 94% of the commuters said that they would give up their seats to those who need it more. Even without reserved seats, we should trust fellow Singaporeans to be considerate enough to give up their seats to those who truly need them.

Where public graciousness is lacking, education is a more sustainable solution. Instead of using unnatural means like priority seats to oblige commuters to act graciously, we should perhaps cultivate a habit of giving up seats through education both in schools and mass media.

Commuters who are not visibly disabled or vulnerable may have trouble getting seat offers on MRT trains, because other commuters are unaware of their conditions. Instead of furtive internet shaming, why not practice direct communication? In such cases, a polite request for a seat would most likely work in securing a seat.

Rather than encouraging graciousness on MRT trains, reserved seats have ironically become hotspots for tension and conflict. They also perpetuate a culture of passivity and blame-shifting. This seems like the time for some serious reflection: Do we really need reserved seats on MRT trains?

 

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29 comments

  1. Sam Chan says:

    Elegant and courteous civic minded society don’t need rules to impose compliance. By having such reserved seats in MRT is indication of silently admitting our underlying social issues. MOE and relevant authorities should rethink of our education program on this area too. In general majority of our older native born Singaporeans (1965-1948) don’t behave in such manner.

  2. I really don’t think that there is a need for ‘reserves seats’ on MRT trains. In general, I would say that Singaporeans are gracious enough to give up their seats for those they feel need to be seated; on many instances, I saw people of both genders giving up their seats. Sometimes, it was unfortunate that their offers were not well-received and ended up feeling embarrased. I feel that ‘reserved seats’ should not be there so as not to deprive others from taking the seats. My thought…Cheer!!!

  3. Same goes for the current practice of standing to the left of the escalator thereby allowing busy folks who needs to be in a hurry a fast lane so to speak ! But in doing so , the potential capacity of each set of escalator to move x number of commuters in and out of the station is halved . The irony is that some rugged looking individual find the climb too taxing and have to take a pause halfway up the escalator .

  4. Pardon me for saying. My observation (most times), people came into the train ‘looking’ for empty seats. Young (including children around primary school levels), Old (50 years & so on) all wanted a seat. I think they will get tired when standing too long irregardless of age.

  5. We don’t need reserved seats. When an able-bodied person sees a less able person right in front of them, just give up the seat – any seat regardless of seat position.

  6. Aaron Loy says:

    In Singapore, there’s a need, because if it’s not there, and the social shaming involved with the misuse of it, you’d not see people giving it the seat up to those who need it.

    Some will. Most won’t.

    Unfortunate.

    You’ll have these ridiculous overreaching justice nazis once in awhile, but generally speaking, this benefits those who need it at every hour of the day.

    Upsides >>> downsides.

  7. Eddie Yong says:

    the crux of the problem is courtesy and kindness. the govt is preoccupied with money making and neglected this aspect of the culture. With many foreigners…these must be assimilated into our society. Remember in the past we are an orderly society…we queued up for everything.To sum it all..it was the govt short sightedness that result in all these undesirable behaviors

  8. Until our people learn courtesy and respect of the elder, incapacitated, handicapped or medically unfit, we must maintain such reserves to look after them

  9. Yes, we do need ‘Reserved seats’ for the frail and elderly. But to reserve a seat for President Elections is kanna sai…A candidate that is too frail to contest against other candidates?

  10. There is a sickening disease among us: recording just about everything, some rather trivial and petty situations. I find tis sort of behaviour rather pedantic.

  11. Larry Tan says:

    Actually is sad if the society need to put in place sure practice…. With or without the reserve seats… Anyone should know and learn to give up their seat for the needy….

  12. I once saw an old lady gave up her seat to an older lady. We don’t need reserve seats, just people who are kind enough to let those who need it more than you to have it.

  13. Low Jerry says:

    By now MRT should recognize the problem. Suggestion : Create a coach exclusively for those who needs a seat. Also reserve that doors for same purposes too.

  14. Yes we shd remove all reserved seats in MRT and buses. It shd be first come first serve basis. Why shd we give elderly or physical disabled or pregnant women the priority to have the seat ? It doesnt make sense

    1. Think before u write, please- unless u have very little grey matter in your brain. Selfish u! For your info, I’m 74 n have to use walking aids-a single walking stick n a 4-legged one. When I have to go for a checkup at TTSH, my hubby will push me n we will board a train. We try to go to this seat. Hubby will sit while I will be in my wheelchair. But when he sees any elderly person board the train, he will give up the seat to him/her.

  15. If you are an elderly or an invalid, would you find reserved seats welcoming, knowing that even with reserved seats, Singaporeans could be thick skinned enough to occupy these?

  16. I look physically ok from the outside, but actual fact I have arthritis n slipped disc. But every morning when I take MRT from Aljunied to Boon Lay for work, I always couldn’t get a seat. If I were to approach someone to give me a seat, what are the chances of me getting one?

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